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Early Saxon Period c.620-855AD

Thrymsas & Sceats The withdrawal of Roman forces from Britain in the 5th Century AD led to a rapid demise in society including areas such as coinage. In fact there was nearly two hundred years where no coins at all were struck (we can say this with confidence as if coins had been made during this period they would have been lost and found as with all other periods). Imagine if such a thing happened nowadays, the demise of our monetary system and a return to bartering, one wonders what you could buy with a gram of gold at the local Sainsbury's... Sometime in the early 7th Century the value of stamping design on said gram of gold became apparent once again and the first Thrymsa's started to appear. These are very rare and the majority of early pieces known were found in one location in 1828AD, later to be known as the Crondall hoard, worth a visit to the Ashmoleon Museum in Oxford just to see this. The first silver coins (Sceats) made an appearance in the late 7th Century and are thought to have been made in South East England. These were joined by the Continental series which includes the Porcupine sceat (series E) among a few other types. The 8th Century brought what is known as the 'Secondary Series' which is by far the most diverse with some 20-30 main types, each with several variations. The art on the secondary series is mesmerising. Much of it has hidden meaning which the Saxons are famous for and we can only guess at, some is clearer than other for example the bird fighting with a serpent on the series Q coins accepted to be depicting the fight between good and evil. The 7th century coins are generally made of good silver while the 8th century (secondary) coins are often base metal and porous. Kingdom of Northumbria The end of the 7th Century sees the establishment of an advanced monetary system in Northumbria with Kings and Archbishops being named on silver sceats, also the introduction of a bronze coin called the Styca. These are relatively inexpensive and are common finds on early sites in the North East of England. 758A.D. sees the transitional sceat/penny of Beonna, king of East Anglia and marks the end of a truly fascinating period. For futher reading we'd recommend: Sceattas An Illustrated Guide by Tony Abramson or for a more in depth publication Sceatta List also by Tony Abramson.

Dates - Thrymsas 620-675A.D. Sceats - Primary - 680-710A.D. Continental 695-740A.D. Secondary 710-760A.D. Northumbria 685-855A.D.

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Wigmund Bronze Styca 837-850AD
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Anglo Saxon Silver Sceat 695-740AD Series E sharp Anglo Saxon Silver Sceat 695-740AD Series E sharp